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Xanda - /dev/project - Linux reset forgotten root password


Following is the procedure to reset root password if you are using GRUB as a boot loader:

  1. Select the kernel
  2. Press the e key to edit the entry
  3. Select second line (the line starting with the word kernel)
  4. Press the e key to edit kernel entry so that you can append single user mode
  5. Append the letter S (or word Single) to the end of the (kernel) line
  6. Press ENTER key
  7. Now press the b key to boot the Linux kernel into single user mode
  8. At prompt type passwd command to reset password:

You need to mount at least / and other partitions:

# mount -t proc proc /proc
# mount -o remount,rw /

Change the root password, enter:

# passwd 

Finally reboot system:

# sync
# reboot


At LILO boot loader type linux single and press [ENTER] key:

Boot: linux single

When you get the # prompt you will need to type passwd root to reset password:

# passwd

Reboot system:

# sync
# reboot