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Xanda - /dev/project - Install Squid Proxy Server on CentOS / Redhat enterprise Linux 5

Install Squid on CentOS / RHEL 5


Use yum command as follows:

# yum install squid

Output:

Loading "installonlyn" plugin
Setting up Install Process
Setting up repositories
Reading repository metadata in from local files
Parsing package install arguments
Resolving Dependencies
--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.
---> Package squid.i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
Dependencies Resolved
=============================================================================
Package                 Arch       Version          Repository        Size
=============================================================================
Installing:
squid                   i386       7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5  updates           1.2 M
Transaction Summary
=============================================================================
Install      1 Package(s)
Update       0 Package(s)
Remove       0 Package(s)         
Total download size: 1.2 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
Running Transaction Test
Finished Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Installing: squid                        ######################### [1/1] 
Installed: squid.i386 7:2.6.STABLE6-4.el5
Complete!

Squid Basic Configuration


Squid configuration file located at /etc/squid/squid.conf. Open file using a text editor:

# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf

At least you need to define ACL (access control list) to work with squid. The defaults port is TCP 3128. Following example ACL allowing access from your local networks 192.168.1.0/24 and 192.168.2.0/24. Make sure you adapt to list your internal IP networks from where browsing should be allowed:

acl our_networks src 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.2.0/24
http_access allow our_networks

Save and close the file. Start squid proxy server:

# chkconfig squid on
# /etc/init.d/squid start

Output:

init_cache_dir /var/spool/squid... Starting squid: .       [  OK  ]

Verify port 3128 is open:

# netstat -tulpn | grep 3128

Output:

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3128                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      20653/(squid)

Open TCP port 3128


Finally make sure iptables is allowing to access squid proxy server. Just open /etc/sysconfig/iptables file:

# vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables

Append configuration:

-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3128 -j ACCEPT

Restart iptables based firewall:

# /etc/init.d/iptables restart

Output:

Flushing firewall rules:                                   [  OK  ]
Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter                    [  OK  ]
Unloading iptables modules:                                [  OK  ]
Applying iptables firewall rules:                          [  OK  ]
Loading additional iptables modules: ip_conntrack_netbios_n[  OK  ]

Client configuration


Open a webbrowser > Tools > Internet option > Network settings > and setup Squid server IP address and port # 3128.

[The content of this page is taken from Cyberciti. Feel free to visit the original site because who knows the original author might update the content from time to time]