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Xanda - /dev/project - Forcefully unmount a disk partition

It happens many times you try to unmount a disk partition or mounted CD/DVD disk and if you try to unmount device, which is accessed by other users, then you will get error umount: /xxx: device is busy. However, Linux/FreeBSD comes with fuser command to kill forcefully mounted partition.

Linux fuser command to unmount a disk partition
Suppose you have /dev/cdrom mounted on /mnt directory then you can use fuser command as follows:

# fuser -km /mnt

Where,

  • -k : Kill processes accessing the file.
  • -m : Name specifies a file on a mounted file system or a block device that is mounted. In above example you are using /mnt

Linux umount command to unmount a disk partition

You can also try umount command with –l option:

# umount -l /mnt

Where,

  • -l : Also known as Lazy unmount. Detach the filesystem from the filesystem hierarchy now, and cleanup all references to the filesystem as soon as it is not busy anymore. This option works with kernel version 2.4.11+ and above only.

If you would like to unmount a NFS mount point then try following command:

# umount -f /mnt

Where,

  • -f: Force unmount in case of an unreachable NFS system

Caution: Using these commands or option can cause data loss for open files; programs which access files after the file system has been unmounted will get an error.